The lecture is perhaps one of the best-known and, perhaps, the most commonly used teaching methods in higher education. It has been a central aspect of institutes’ teaching and learning programs since the beginning of higher learning. The word lecture came from the word ‘legere’ in Latin, which means ‘to read.’ Lecture is known as well as the traditional learning method which was the primary means by which understanding retained in books was conveyed to a large number of students. In the study, the data was gathered using a four-point Likert-type scale.
The results of this study showed that based on the statistical score of students’ overall perception of the lecture method reveals that there was no statistically significant difference in students’ perceptions of the lecture method. Undergraduate students at the university could be said to have a similar opinion about the lecture method. Moreover, the male and female students’ perceptions of the lecture method based on statistical scores and the t-independent test analyses revealed that there is no significant difference in perception of the lecture method of teaching between male and female undergraduate students. This implies that male and female students have similar attitudes toward the lecture method. Then the t-test for independent samples revealed a significant difference in age between students. It is possible to conclude that students under the age of 25 are more likely to choose the lecture technique than students aged 25 and up. This implies that students under the age of 25 have a more favorable attitude toward the lecture approach than students aged 25 and up.
According to the results of the test, full-time students prefer the lecture technique over part-time students. Their suggestions on how to make the lecture more effective and draw students are the same Students should be provided the opportunity to ask questions, the lecturer should not be the only one who speaks during the lecture, and lecturers should give students areas to be learned so that students can read ahead, lecturers should create a conducive environment for learning, they should avoid derogatory remarks, they should give constant feedback, they must speak out loud and boldly, lectures should not last long. They should intersperse the lecture with other activities. Lectures should not last long and should intersperse the lecture with other activities, lectures should not last long, and to keep students awake, lectures with humor should be used so that the learners would not be bored.
Therefore, they reaffirmed the generally held belief that the lecture technique will remain the dominant mode of instruction in tertiary institutions. Lecturers must look for ways to make their lectures more interesting and engage their students. Lectures should also not be too long so that students do not lose concentration on the topic. According to the research, students continue to enjoy the lecture because they believe they pay fees to be taught.
The Social learning theory and Operant Conditioning theory are two theories that attempt to explain learning as the process through which new information, attitudes, and behaviors are gained, or existing ones are changed. Both approaches seek to explain how learning happens but was put forth in different eras and by other people. They are all distinct from one another in how they approach learning and the fundamental ideas that make them up. The many techniques utilized to illustrate each type of learning are also distinctive.
Albert Bandura first put forth the social learning theory. He later changed its name to social cognitive theory to reflect the significance of cognitive factors in the learning process. According to the social learning theory, learning happens through observation. Identification, reinforcement, and mediational processes are the three central ideas in the social learning process.
Contrarily, Burrhus Frederic Skinner was the most notable behavioral psychologist who studied operant conditioning, often known as instrumental learning or Skinnerian conditioning, which holds that individuals learn by connecting their actions to the outcomes that follow. Three basic concepts—reinforcement, punishment, and extinction—form the basis of this theory.
Through this article, you will see a more distinct and thorough discussion of the Social Learning Theory and Operant Conditioning Theory to fully understand their concepts related to learning.
Data refers to raw facts that have not yet been put into context and have no specific meaning whereas, information refers to processed data that has the context coming from a specific data.
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