Carla Andrea posted an update 1 week, 2 days ago
The traditional lecture method is the kind of method where teachers use oral language to impart knowledge to students in ways such as the telling method, interpretation method, speak pronunciation, and speech method. By definition, a lecture is an instructor’s period of
continuous exposition with the consideration of the instructor’s strengths, students’ intellectual
capabilities and learning preferences, the nature and objectives of the course, and environmental
In this teaching method, teachers are the controller of the class who takes complete
responsibility for learning and is the decision maker who weighs the option on what and how to
Since this is teacher-centric, teachers are the source of knowledge. Their role is knowledge
dispensers rather than facilitators, the teaching process happens inside the classroom, and
students learn the course content, master theories, and further apply knowledge into practice.
One of the most evident advantages of the traditional lecture method in teaching and
Efficient lectures can disseminate foundational knowledge. Instructors use discussion to aid
students in acquiring knowledge of terms, basic facts, and simple concepts easier. Through such,
exhibit academic skills, methods, and dispositions to learners. In this way, instructors consider
weighing evidence, presenting logical arguments and counterarguments, and demonstrating how
the subject has relatable meanings.
Lectures make students feel comfortable. This method could match students’ expectations of
their roles as students and teachers’ responsibilities as instructors rather than a facilitator.
Besides, some students are more comfortable with an authoritative lecture style than discursive
instruction. Wherein they listen to thorough lecture discussions to comprehend the topic at hand.
Lectures provide control and consistency. When delivering crucial information and course
content, the monologue nature of discussions is more effective. Organization and consistency in
the presentation of information may give learners a clearer mental picture of the lesson.
Moreover, if there is coherence, students may tend to understand the relationship between the old
and new concepts.
But, there are limitations to the traditional lecture method such as losing students’ attention
where attention lapses occur with increasing frequency throughout a lecture, do not address
misunderstandings since it discourages questioning, presenting too much information and/or
irrelevant information which cause slow learning and impede understanding, and ignoring the
social dimension of learning which can affect their motivation to learn, and in creating higher
standards of achievement.