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  • Franzgayle T. Husain posted an update in the group Group logo of MT30-Histology Art ABMT30-Histology Art AB 9 months ago

    • Ileum – considered as the last part of the small intestine
      Functions: helps further digest food coming from the stomach and other parts of the small intestine. It also absorbs nutrients and water from food for the body to work.
      Locations: found between the jejenum and large intestine
        • Stomach – Part of the gastrointestinal tract that have the j-shape which solely digests food.
          Functions: Produces enzymes and juices that helps in breaking down or digesting food. It also temporary stores food.
          Locations: found in the upper abdomen on the left side of the body
            • Large intestine – a long tube-like organ that includes the colon, rectum, and anus.
              Functions: absorb water and salts from the material that has not been digested as food and turns food waste into stool and passes it from the body when defecating.
              Locations: can be seen in the lower abdominal cavity from the waist down.
                • Human appendix –
                  Functions: scientists before say that it has no function, however recent studies show that the human appendix works as a repository for good bacteria. These bacteria help in producing vitamins and hormones that are needed in the body.
                  Locations: sits near the junction of the large and small intestines.

                    • Duodenum – considered as the first part of the small intestine
                      Functions: It completes the first phase of digestion by breaking down food through enzymes and bile.
                      Locations: between the stomach and jejenum or the middle part of the small intestine
                        • Esophagus – a muscular tube that is part of the digestive system which has long, thin and hollow structure
                          Functions: transports food and liquid from the throat to the stomach
                          Locations: can be found in the center of the chest area called the mediastinum
                            • Muscularis – also known as the muscularis externa; it consists of an inner circular muscular layer and a longitudinal outer muscular layer
                              Functions: the contractions of the layers in the muscularis propels the food through the gastrointestinal tract
                              Locations: found in the deepest layer of the mucosa that lies next to the submucosa

                                • Submucosa – a layer of connective tissue that supports and lies underneath the mucosa.
                                  Functions: It enables the mucosa to move more freely during peristalsis—the contraction of layers in the muscularis
                                  Locations: sits in between the outermost layer of the mucosa
                                    • Gall bladder – appears as small and pear-shaped organ.
                                      Functions: stores bile, a digestive fluid that is discharged into the small intestine. This fluid helps digest and break down food. They are remove in the body when there are gallstones present.
                                      Locations: found on the right side of the abdomen, below the liver.
                                        • Liver lobule – made up of hepatocytes, a type of liver cells. It lines up in a radiating rows.
                                          Functions: It serves as the building block of the liver tissue. It contains a channel that drains bile from the liver to the common hepatic duct.
                                          Locations: in the liver

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