ABAO Laboratory Information Systems [MT14-CC]

MT14-CC’s Docs ABAO Laboratory Information Systems [MT14-CC]

Rhoge Yvonne F. Abao


MT 14 LEC – CC


  1. Laboratory Information System (LIS): Its Definition and Uses
    • The Laboratory Information System (LIS) is a software system that records, manages, updates, and stores patient testing data for clinical and anatomic pathology laboratories. This includes receiving test orders, sending orders to laboratory analyzers, tracking orders, results, and quality control, and transmitting results to an EHR, practice management system, or other information systems. It is a piece of healthcare software that manages critical patient data related to laboratory processes and testing. Some of this information includes the date of the appointment, primary care physician, patient information and demographics, the types of samples drawn, physician test orders, billing information, and when the test results were sent to the physician. Laboratory information systems are used by physicians and lab technicians to coordinate a wide range of inpatient and outpatient medical testing, including hematology, chemistry, immunology, and microbiology. Patient check-in, order entry, specimen processing, result entry, and patient demographics are all common features of basic laboratory information systems. A LIS records and stores clinical information about a patient during a lab visit in its database for future reference. The Laboratory Information System (LIS) was created as a “turn-key” solution. The primary functions are controlled interactively on a mini-computer, giving the laboratory complete control over daily processing. A microcomputer/microprocessor network is used to collect results from automated analyzers. The primary benefits of LIS are reduced clerical work, improved workload evaluation, faster communication, and improve the information provided to clinicians: adapted reference values, interpretation, comments, improved retrieval operations, and faster billing. The system has 14 major functions: test request registration, specimen collection sheets and identification labels production, specimen collection confirmation, aliquot label production, workload inquiry, worksheet production, manual entry of test results, automated entry of test results, results inquiry, preliminary report, final report, daily activity reports, statistical reports, billing.
  2. Implications of a Laboratory Information System (LIS) in the Medical Technology field?
    • The laboratory information system has multiple benefits and implications in the medical technology field. Some implications include increased productivity and efficiency which is very essential in any line of work and quite especially in the healthcare and medical field. Additionally, having a software system would mean there would be reduced errors in computing the statistical data, improved data management, and so on. A LIS can help a medical lab’s day-to-day operations run more smoothly and prevent medical errors. Furthermore, a medical lab can benefit financially from a LIS. Medicare and Medicaid may pay medical laboratories that use a tested and certified LIS.
  3. Implications of AI Websites
    • As we are in the digital age, more and more inventions are being created to improve the quality of life as well as to reduce inefficiencies in our workloads, Thus came the creation of several AI websites such as ChatGPT. Having Artificial Intelligence in the healthcare industry leads to the development of efficient and precise inventions that will aid in patient care. Additionally, this would entail reduced errors, and efficiency and just overall add additional help in managing the workload. While there are a plethora of benefits to the integration of AI in the healthcare industry, we must not forget that human cognition is still superior to machine intelligence and thus, we must not always rely on them.

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